Striped Bass
  • Side view adult.
  • Side view adult.
  • Side view adult.
  • Top view adult.
  • Bottom view adult.
  • Head-on view adult.
  • Close-up flank.
  • Close-up head.
  • Close-up mouth and snout.
  • Close-up tail.
  • Close-up dorsal fin.
  • Close-up anal fin.
  • Close-up pectoral fin.
  • Close-up pelvic fin.
  • Close-up dorsal fin: This species has a soft dorsal fin with 10-14 dorsal rays.
  • Notice the fusiform profile being slighlty laterally compressed with the deepest part of the body under the spiny dorsal fin.
  • Notice the horizontal stripes, not strongly offset below the lateral line; there are 53-65 lateral scales.
  • Close-up dorsal fin: The dorsal fins are separate, there are 10-14 dorsal rays.
  • Close-up anal fin: Notice that the 2nd anal spine is shorter than 3rd; there are 9-12 anal rays.
  • Close-up inside of mouth: There are two separate patches of teeth in the middle of the back of the tongue.
  • Side view of a young-of-year: Juveniles are similar to adults, but the horizontal stripes are not as pronounced and vertical parr marks are often present.
  • Side view of a yearling: Juveniles are similar to adults.
  • Side view of a white bass X striped bass hybrid: Notice the intermediate shape.
  • Side view of a white bass X striped bass hybrid: Notice the intermediate shape.
  • Inside of mouth of a white bass X striped bass hybrid: Notice the pair of tooth patches in the middle of the back of the tongue.
  • Young-of-year white bass X striped bass hybrid: Notice the intermediate shape.
  • Side view of a white bass X striped bass hybrid: Notice the intermediate shape.
DescriptionSimilar Species
Family
Temperate Basses (Moronidae)
Body
Mouth and Snout: Terminal and oblique. Small teeth in patches on upper and lower jaws. No barbels. Body Pattern: 6-8 dark horizontal lateral stripes over an olive, silver, or white body. 53-65 ctenoid lateral line scales. Fins pigmented gray or brown. Body Shape: Body fusiform to slightly laterally compressed. No sizes recorded from Wisconsin. Inland populations elsewhere range from 500-800 mm (20-32 in) and can reach over 1030 mm TL (40 in); the largest ocean specimen known may have exceeded 1800 mm (72 in).
Fins
Slightly forked tail. Two dorsal fins, very close or touching but not connected by a membrane; the anterior usually with 8-11 spines and the posterior with 1 spine and 10-14 rays. Pelvic fins thoracic. No adipose fin. Anal fin with 1 spine and 9-12 rays.
Distinguishing Characteristics
Striped bass has one anal spine, 6-8 dark horizontal stripes, conspicuous spine on the upper back part of the operacle, saw-edged margin of the preopercle. Two elongated patches of teeth on rear of tongue, distinctly separate. See also similar species information.
Breeding Adults
Similar to nonbreeders.
Juveniles
Similar to adults.
Hybrids
Striped Bass X White Bass.
Compare Similar Species
Body Pattern
Bass, Striped6-8 distinct black horizontal stripes, usually not offset
Bass, White6-8 distinct black horizontal stripes, usually not offset
Bass, Yellow6-8 distinct black horizontal stripes, often broken and offset above anal fin
Perch, WhiteSolid color; faint stripes may be present in juveniles
Body Profile
Bass, StripedRounded anteriorly and not arched; deepest part of body below spiny dorsal; more elongate and fusiform than others
Bass, WhiteRounded anteriorly and not arched; deepest part of body below spiny dorsal; laterally compressed
Bass, YellowSomewhat arched anteriorly; deepest part of body below spiny dorsal fin; laterally compressed
Perch, WhiteSharply arched anteriorly; deepest part of body before spiny dorsal fin; laterally compressed
Dorsal Fins
Bass, StripedSlightly separate or touching but not connected by membrane
Bass, WhiteSlightly separate or touching but not connected by membrane
Bass, YellowSlightly connected
Perch, WhiteSlightly connected
Dorsal Rays (2nd Dorsal Fin)
Bass, Striped10-14, usually 11-12
Bass, White12-51, usually 13-14
Bass, Yellow11-13, usually 11-12
Perch, White10-13, usually 11-12
Anal Spines
Bass, Striped2nd clearly shorter than 3rd
Bass, White2nd clearly shorter than 3rd
Bass, Yellow2nd and 3rd about equal in length
Perch, White2nd and 3rd about equal in length
Anal Rays
Bass, Striped9-12, usually 10-11
Bass, White11-13, usually 12
Bass, Yellow8-10, usually 9
Perch, White8-10, usually 9-10
Lateral Line Scales
Bass, Striped53-65, usually 57-63
Bass, White52-60, usually 54-58
Bass, Yellow49-55, usually 49-51
Perch, White44-52, usually 46-49
Tongue Teeth
Bass, StripedTwo elongated patches on rear of tongue, distinctly separate
Bass, WhiteSingle oval patch on rear of tongue, ocassionally with medial division
Bass, YellowNone
Perch, WhiteNone
Similarity Index
Bass, StripedN/A
Bass, WhiteVery similar
Bass, YellowVery similar
Perch, WhiteVery similar
Comments
Bass, StripedModerately similar to yellow perch, ruffe, sunfish family; differs from yellow perch and ruffe by having 3 (vs 2) anal spines and light olive, silvery, or whitish body without obvious vertical bars or mottling, and from sunfishes by the conspicuous spine
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