Striped Shiner
  • Side view adult.
  • Side view adult.
  • Side view adult.
  • Top view adult.
  • Bottom view adult.
  • Head-on view adult.
  • Close-up flank.
  • Close-up head.
  • Close-up mouth and snout of a male just starting to develop breeding tubercles.
  • Close-up tail.
  • Close-up dorsal fin.
  • Close-up anal fin.
  • Close-up pectoral fin.
  • Close-up pelvic fin.
  • Close-up flank: Notice the elevated lateral-line scales, which is diagnostic of the Luxilus group.
  • Close-up anal fin: There are nine (rarely 8 or 10) anal fin rays.
  • Anterior top view: There are usually less than 19 pre-dorsal scales between nape and dorsal fin.
  • Close-up underside of head: Notice the wash of brownish/black pigment on the anterior 1/3 of the chin (the blotch in the middle is not typical).
  • Side view of a breeding male: Notice the steel blue and reddish colors, the greatly elevated lateral-line scales, and the tubercles on the head.
  • Head of a breeding male: Notice the tubercles.
  • Top view of a breeding male: Notice the tubercles and the faint stripes on the back.
  • Close-up chin of a breeding male: Notice the tubercles and the absence of obvious pigment on the chin, which may fade in breeding males.
  • Side view of a breeding male: This male is just starting to develop breeding tubercles and colors.
  • Side view of breeding male and female: Notice the lack of markings on the female.
  • Side view of a yearling: Notice the more elongated body and the less elevated lateral-line scales.
  • Head area of a yearling: Notice the more elongated body and the less elevated lateral-line scales.
  • Side view of a striped shiner X common shiner hybrid (?): This hybrid is indistinguishable from parentals in side view.
  • Anterior top view of a striped shiner X common shiner hybrid (?): There are about 23-24 predorsal scales, indicating greater proximity to the common shiner than to the striped shiner.
  • Close-up chin of a Striped shiner X Common shiner hybrid (?): Notice the slight pigment on the chin edge, indicating greater proximity to the common shiner than to the striped shiner.
DescriptionSimilar Species
Family
Minnows (Cyprinidae)
Body
Mouth and snout: Mouth terminal without any teeth. No barbels. Body patterning, color, and scales: Solid silver color. Sometimes dark shading on the anterior exposed portion of the scales on the flanks gives the vague impression of spotting. Fins without distinctive markings. 34-40 cycloid lateral line scales; highly elevated, their height 3.5-5 times their width. Body shape and size: Body moderately deep and laterally compressed (but see Juveniles); oval in cross-section. Typically 75-150 mm (3-6 in) TL; maximum about 230 mm (9 in).
Fins
Tail, dorsal and other fins: Forked tail. Single dorsal fin with 8 rays and no spines. Pelvic fins abdominal. No adipose fin. Anal fin with 9 rays (rarely 8 or 10) and no spines.
Distinguishing Characteristics
Predorsal scales 13-23, but usually 16-19, underside of chin with anterior third pigmented (often faint). See also similar species information.
Breeding Adults
Males – Head and back a dark lead-blue color, sides and fins pink to red. Reddish pigment concentrated at tips of fins. Many specimens with diffuse dark stripes on back. Large tubercles on head, snout, and chin; smaller tubercles on back between head and dorsal fin and on anterior ray of dorsal and pectoral fins.
Juveniles
Similar to adults, but a less deep body and more fusiform in shape.
Hybrids
Striped shiner X common shiner (photos).
Compare Similar Species
Lateral Line
Rudd37-47 rounded scales; lateral line strongly decurved
Shiner, Common34-40 highly elevated scales; lateral line decurved
Shiner, Golden42-54 rounded scales; lateral line strongly decurved
Shiner, Red32-36 diamond-shaped scales; lateral line slightly decurved
Shiner, Spotfin35-39 diamond-shaped scales; lateral line slightly decurved
Shiner, Striped36-40 highly elevated scales; lateral line decurved
Anal Fin
Rudd11-13 rays
Shiner, CommonUsually 9 rays, rarely 8 or 10
Shiner, Golden11-15 rays
Shiner, RedUsually 9 rays, rarely 8 or 10
Shiner, Spotfin8 rays
Shiner, StripedUsually 9 rays, rarely 8 or 10
Dorsal Fin
Rudd9-11 rays; membranes lack dark pigment but fin (including membranes) is red in adults
Shiner, Common8 rays; membranes generally unpigmented, rays outlined with dark pigment in breeding males
Shiner, Golden8 rays (rarely 7 or 9); membranes generally unpigmented; fin light olive or yellowish
Shiner, Red8 rays; all membranes with uniform dark pigment
Shiner, Spotfin8 rays; membranes of last 2-3 rays pigmented; blotch-like in adults, a few speckles in juveniles
Shiner, Striped8 rays; membranes generally unpigmented, rays outlined with dark pigment in breeding adults
Other Diagnostic Features
RuddScaled keel in front of vent; 8-13 gill rakers
Shiner, CommonUsually 25-32 (21-37) predorsal scales; little chin pigment
Shiner, GoldenScaleless keel in front of vent; 16-21 gill rakers
Shiner, RedSnout blunter and body deeper than spotfin shiner
Shiner, SpotfinSnout more pointed and body not as deep as red shiner
Shiner, StripedUsually 16-19 (13-23) predorsal scales; chin 1/3 pigmented
Similarity Index
RuddModerately similar
Shiner, CommonVery similar
Shiner, GoldenModerately similar
Shiner, RedModerately similar
Shiner, SpotfinModerately similar
Shiner, StripedN/A
Comments
RuddNot established in WI. There is a very slight chance that a survivor from past bait-bucket introductions may be encountered.
Shiner, RedNot native to WI; may occur here as a stray from populations further south.
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