Wisconsin Sea Grant: Frogs Glossary
Any of a variety of simple, aquatic plants that lack stems, roots and leaves but usually
contain chlorophyll, a green pigment that helps plants use sunlight to produce energy.
Poisonous substances that are produced and secreted by certain toad species.
The act of cutting apart or separating body tissues, especially to help study an
Ridges of skin that run along either side of the back, from behind the head area to
near the hind legs; these folds are present in some but not all frog species.
The feeding pattern among organisms in a community whereby food energy moves from one
organism to another; members of a food chain eat others below them on the chain, and in
turn they are eaten by members higher than them on the chain. For example, a wolf is at
the top of its food chain; the wolf will eat a rabbit, which is lower on the food chain.
A sweet, colorless or yellowish liquid obtained from fats and oils and used as a
solvent, antifreeze or sweetener; also produced naturally by some organisms.
The area or type of environment in which an organism or group of organisms normally
A substance used to kill unwanted plants.
To pass the winter in an inactive, dormant or sleep-like condition.
A type of animal that lacks a backbone or spinal column.
A wet, slippery substance secreted by certain glands and used for protection or
Chemicals used to kill animals considered as pests, especially insects and rodents.
The water-dwelling, early life stage of a frog or toad, having a tail and fish-like gills
that eventually disappear as legs develop and the adult stage is reached.
A poisonous substance that is secreted by certain organisms and can be dangerous to
A low-lying area, such as a swamp or marsh, that is saturated with water.
copyright 2000 University
of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute