the Eastern American Toad
(Bufo americanus americanus)
to its Call:
A prolonged, high-pitched trill that may last more than 30 seconds
Size: 5.1-11.1 cm in length (2-4.4 inches)
Highly variable in color, ranging from tan, brown, or reddish brown
to gray or olive. Most individuals have dark, rounded spots on the back,
each of which encircles one or two warts. A light line may run down
the middle of the back. The throat and belly are whitish or yellowish
with black or gray spotting.
Widely ranging throughout the Great Lakes region; can be found in urban
parks, suburban backyards, farmland, savannas, prairies and forests.
When not out looking for food, eastern American toads will keep cool
by spending much of their time buried in dirt, leaves, or beneath logs
or rocks. They dig into the ground backwards, using their hind feet
as shovels. In the winter, they simply burrow deeper to escape the cold.
Fowler's Toads usually have three or more warts within each of the larger
spots on their backs, and often have unmarked, whitish undersides. Their
short, nasal-sounding breeding call is quite unlike the long, musical
trill of the Eastern American Toad. These two toad species may interbreed.
Breeding: April to July
Color your own American Toad!