Migratory Birds of the Great Lakes University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute
 about habitat birds + science 20 birds
copyright UW Sea Grant, writer: L. Wiland, design: T. Yao contact us credits
Wetland    Forest    Shrub    Meadow   Swamp    Marsh    Shoreline   

Marsh:Marshes feature standing water from less than an inch to several feet deep. The amount of water can fluctuate seasonally or from year to year. Marshes might generally be called “flooded grasslands.” They are dominated by soft-stemmed emergent plants such as cattails, grasses, sedges and rushes. In deeper water are found lily pads and submerged plants such as milfoil and pondweed. Marshes are critical for many fish species that live and/or breed there. Marshes also offer primary breeding and feeding habitat for water birds and some song birds, as well as numerous amphibian, reptile and mammal species.

Shoreline: The Great Lakes shoreline features nearly 11,000 miles of diverse habitat-everything from sheer, rocky cliffs to active dune systems to marshy freshwater estuaries. In general, these shoreline areas are extremely dynamic, strongly influenced by weather and water level changes, and they support an incredible variety of plants and animals.