Migratory Birds of the Great Lakes University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute
 about habitat birds + science 20 birds
copyright UW Sea Grant, writer: L. Wiland, design: T. Yao contact us credits

Inland waters: In addition to the Great Lakes themselves, the Great Lakes region is dominated by water. Inland waters are the lakes, rivers, streams and other bodies of water that are found upland of the Great Lakes. Together, Minnesota, Michigan and Wisconsin have nearly 40,000 inland lakes and 150,000 miles of miles of rivers and streams. These inland waters vary in temperature, depth, current and chemistry—and because of this diversity they provide a wide range of habitat to many types of animals, including water-loving birds.

Inland shores: Among all the different types of habitat, shorelines—those transition areas between water and land—tend to support the widest diversity and abundance of plant and animal life. The shorelines along the thousands of inland lakes, streams and rivers in the Great Lakes region tend to be more sheltered and stable than the shores of the Great Lakes themselves, and provide nesting sites and hunting habitat for a wide variety of birds.

  Brushy areas: These upland areas are covered with bushes and low, scrubby trees that provide shelter and protection for many birds and other animals. Brushy areas are commonly found on the edges of forests and woodlands, between woodlands and grasslands, and in abandoned fields that are reverting to woodland. Such habitat is common throughout the United States and Canada.