The typical Canada Goose nesting site is located within 50 yards of water, contains some amount of cover and is on high enough ground to give the nesting goose a clear view of the surroundings. The nest itself is often a large open cup, made of dry grasses, lichens and mosses, and lined with down and some body feathers. Occasionally geese inhabit above-ground structures such as abandoned heron rookeries, osprey nests or human-made tree platforms.
Females incubate 3-8 creamy white eggs for about four weeks while the male, called a gander, stands guard. The chicks, called goslings, fledge about two months after hatching, although within 24 hours of hatching they have the ability to swim and feed on their own.