- Side view adult.
- Side view adult.
- Side view adult.
- Top view adult.
- Bottom view adult.
- Head-on view adult.
- Close-up flank.
- Close-up head.
- Close-up mouth and snout of a male just starting to develop breeding tubercles.
- Close-up tail.
- Close-up dorsal fin.
- Close-up anal fin.
- Close-up pectoral fin.
- Close-up pelvic fin.
- Close-up flank: Notice the elevated lateral-line scales, which is diagnostic of the Luxilus group.
- Close-up anal fin: There are nine (rarely 8 or 10) anal fin rays.
- Anterior top view: There are usually less than 19 pre-dorsal scales between nape and dorsal fin.
- Close-up underside of head: Notice the wash of brownish/black pigment on the anterior 1/3 of the chin (the blotch in the middle is not typical).
- Side view of a breeding male: Notice the steel blue and reddish colors, the greatly elevated lateral-line scales, and the tubercles on the head.
- Head of a breeding male: Notice the tubercles.
- Top view of a breeding male: Notice the tubercles and the faint stripes on the back.
- Close-up chin of a breeding male: Notice the tubercles and the absence of obvious pigment on the chin, which may fade in breeding males.
- Side view of a breeding male: This male is just starting to develop breeding tubercles and colors.
- Side view of breeding male and female: Notice the lack of markings on the female.
- Side view of a yearling: Notice the more elongated body and the less elevated lateral-line scales.
- Head area of a yearling: Notice the more elongated body and the less elevated lateral-line scales.
- Side view of a striped shiner X common shiner hybrid (?): This hybrid is indistinguishable from parentals in side view.
- Anterior top view of a striped shiner X common shiner hybrid (?): There are about 23-24 predorsal scales, indicating greater proximity to the common shiner than to the striped shiner.
- Close-up chin of a Striped shiner X Common shiner hybrid (?): Notice the slight pigment on the chin edge, indicating greater proximity to the common shiner than to the striped shiner.
Mouth and snout: Mouth terminal without any teeth. No barbels. Body patterning, color, and scales: Solid silver color. Sometimes dark shading on the anterior exposed portion of the scales on the flanks gives the vague impression of spotting. Fins without distinctive markings. 34-40 cycloid lateral line scales; highly elevated, their height 3.5-5 times their width.
Body shape and size: Body moderately deep and laterally compressed (but see Juveniles); oval in cross-section. Typically 75-150 mm (3-6 in) TL; maximum about 230 mm (9 in).
Tail, dorsal and other fins: Forked tail. Single dorsal fin with 8 rays and no spines. Pelvic fins abdominal. No adipose fin. Anal fin with 9 rays (rarely 8 or 10) and no spines.
Predorsal scales 13-23, but usually 16-19, underside of chin with anterior third pigmented (often faint). See also similar species information.
Males – Head and back a dark lead-blue color, sides and fins pink to red. Reddish pigment concentrated at tips of fins. Many specimens with diffuse dark stripes on back. Large tubercles on head, snout, and chin; smaller tubercles on back between head and dorsal fin and on anterior ray of dorsal and pectoral fins.
Similar to adults, but a less deep body and more fusiform in shape.
Striped shiner X common shiner (photos).
|Rudd||37-47 rounded scales; lateral line strongly decurved|
|Shiner, Common||34-40 highly elevated scales; lateral line decurved|
|Shiner, Golden||42-54 rounded scales; lateral line strongly decurved|
|Shiner, Red||32-36 diamond-shaped scales; lateral line slightly decurved|
|Shiner, Spotfin||35-39 diamond-shaped scales; lateral line slightly decurved|
|Shiner, Striped||36-40 highly elevated scales; lateral line decurved|
|Shiner, Common||Usually 9 rays, rarely 8 or 10|
|Shiner, Golden||11-15 rays|
|Shiner, Red||Usually 9 rays, rarely 8 or 10|
|Shiner, Spotfin||8 rays|
|Shiner, Striped||Usually 9 rays, rarely 8 or 10|
|Rudd||9-11 rays; membranes lack dark pigment but fin (including membranes) is red in adults|
|Shiner, Common||8 rays; membranes generally unpigmented, rays outlined with dark pigment in breeding males|
|Shiner, Golden||8 rays (rarely 7 or 9); membranes generally unpigmented; fin light olive or yellowish|
|Shiner, Red||8 rays; all membranes with uniform dark pigment|
|Shiner, Spotfin||8 rays; membranes of last 2-3 rays pigmented; blotch-like in adults, a few speckles in juveniles|
|Shiner, Striped||8 rays; membranes generally unpigmented, rays outlined with dark pigment in breeding adults|
Other Diagnostic Features
|Rudd||Scaled keel in front of vent; 8-13 gill rakers|
|Shiner, Common||Usually 25-32 (21-37) predorsal scales; little chin pigment|
|Shiner, Golden||Scaleless keel in front of vent; 16-21 gill rakers|
|Shiner, Red||Snout blunter and body deeper than spotfin shiner|
|Shiner, Spotfin||Snout more pointed and body not as deep as red shiner|
|Shiner, Striped||Usually 16-19 (13-23) predorsal scales; chin 1/3 pigmented|
|Shiner, Common||Very similar|
|Shiner, Golden||Moderately similar|
|Shiner, Red||Moderately similar|
|Shiner, Spotfin||Moderately similar|
|Rudd||Not established in WI. There is a very slight chance that a survivor from past bait-bucket introductions may be encountered.|
|Shiner, Red||Not native to WI; may occur here as a stray from populations further south.|